Basic Playground Safety Guidelines and Maintenance Issues



The information stated below should be used as a guideline to reduce injuries associated with recreation space equipment. However,, 토토 사이트 it is believed that these recommendations, along with the technical information in the ASTM Standards for Public Playgrounds will contribute to greater recreation space safety.

What is a Public Recreation space?

A public recreation space refers to one intended to provide by children ages few months through 12 years in commercial child care facilities, institutions, multiple family houses, parks, restaurants, resorts and schools.

Information in this article:

General recreation space safety considerations
Recreation space materials and appearance
Identifying specific recreation space hazards and how to prevent them
Proper steps needed to maintain a recreation space and its’ equipment
The use of platforms, guardrails and protective barriers to reduce unintended falls
There are 7 key factors you should keep in mind when showing off your recreation space:

Accessibility: The surface material needs to allow access to the tools for children with problems.

Age Splitting up: Areas for different age groups should be separated by a buffer zone. This zone will reduce the chance of injury by children of varying activity levels running into each other.

Age group: Different playgrounds are structured for different age groups. The safety requirements differ with each age group. Be mindful of age group which is to be using the recreation space and purchase accordingly.

Conflicting Activities: The recreation space should be organized into sections to prevent injury from overlapping activities. Be sure to place ups and downs and merry-go-rounds toward a corner, side or edge of a play area. 35mm slides should not be slipped into a stuffed area.

View Lines: Visual barriers should be minimized so that caregivers, parents or supervisors can keep track of children using the recreation space. Benches placed around the outside the structure allow onlookers a place to sit while they watch the kids.

Signage and/or Labeling: Signs should be provided to give the users guidance regarding age appropriateness of the equipment, as well as how to properly use the equipment.

Watch: Make sure the examiner knows the basic safety guidelines of the equipment.
When choosing a site for a recreation space, there are a few factors that are important to consider:

Travel patterns to and from the recreation space: Are there any hazards the way? If so, clear the hazards.

Nearby accessibility hazards (traffic, bodies of water, steep inclines, etc. ): Could a child inadvertently or intentionally run into a nearby risk to safety? If so, provide a strategy to contain children within the recreation space (fence, hedge). Remember that the fencing or hedge should still allow statement by supervisors.

Sun exposure: Is the sun’s heat sufficient enough to heat metal parts, 35mm slides, platforms, steps or appearance enough to burn children? Will users be exposed to the sun’s rays during the most intense the main day? If so, consider positioning it so the bare metal is shaded. Provide warnings that the equipment will be hot in the sunlight. Consider covering the recreation space with a shade structure.

Slope and drainage: Will loose fill material wash away in the rain? If so, consider proper drainage to prevent wash outs.
When installing a recreation space, use equipment and hardware approved by the manufacturer. Follow the instructions EXTREMELY carefully or hire a recreation space installer. Make sure keep all materials from the manufacturer and start a meticulous record of all assessments and maintenance. Thoroughly inspect the tools before the first use, including the hardware.


Creosote-treated wood (railroad ties, telephone rods, etc) and coatings that incorporate pesticides should not be used.
Chromated Birdwatcher Arsenate (CCA) was an old chemical that was used to treat wood, including wooden playgrounds. Since 2001, this treatment is no longer safe it is recognized to corrode certain materials faster than others.

Don’t use bare metal for platforms, 35mm slides or steps. In direct sunlight, bare metal can become extremely hot and cause contact burn injuries. Use plastic lined metal, plastic or wood. Covering the recreation space with a shelter is always the best option. When coating existing bare metal or using plastic lined metal, consider:

Manufacturer should ensure that users cannot enjoy, breathe in or absorb potentially hazardous amounts of additive chemicals as a result of contact.
All paints should meet the CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Commission) regulation for lead paint.
Painted surfaces should be maintained regularly to prevent rust and corrosion.

Things to check regarding hardware:

All fasteners, connectors and coverings should not be easily-removed without the use of tools.
All exposed hardware should be smooth to the user to prevent lacerations, penetrations, or cloth entanglement hazards.
Hardware in moving joints should be secured against unintended or unauthorized loosening.
All hardware should be corrosive resistant.
Bearings or bushings used in moving joints should be self-lubricating or easy to lubricate.
All S-hooks and C-hooks should be closed (no hole or space greater than 0. 04″).
A proper recreation space surface is one of the most important factors in reducing injuries that occur when kids fall from equipment. The surface under the recreation space equipment should be soft enough and thick enough to become softer the impact of a child’s fall. Turf and dirt are not recommended for appearance material because of water and natural weathering which can occur at a drastic rate. There are two kinds of appearance material: unitary and loose-fill.

Unitary materials are generally ASTM tested rubber rugs or a pour-in-place energy diffusing material. These kinds of appearance options are an excellent option for toddlers and handicap accessible playgrounds and are usually more expensive than loose-fill materials.

CCA treated wood mulch, tiny rocks or dirt are not acceptable forms of loose-fill material.

Loose fill materials will reduce at least 25% over time due to use and weathering so it is a good idea to fill the employment zone to comprehend than the recommended fill level. For example, if the recreation space will require 9 in . of wood chips then the initial fill level should be 12 in ..

Appropriate Appearance:

Any material tested to ASTM F1292, including unitary surfaces, made wood fiber, etc.
Pea tiny rocks
Shredded/recycled rubber mulch
Wood mulch (not CCA-treated)
Wood chips
Inappropriate Appearance:

CCA-treated wood
When choosing recreation space equipment, it is important that you keep in mind what the intended age group will be. Children of different ages and development of development have different needs and abilities. Playgrounds are made to encourage a child’s imagination while developing new skills. If you are selecting a recreation space for a school or public park, you should check your state guidelines on integrating handicap accessible play structures in the recreation space.

Some equipment is not recommended for public playgrounds including: trampolines, dogging checkpoints, giant strides, climbing rules that are not secured at both ends, string ups and downs or heavy metal and rock ups and downs. Equipment such as platforms, arrived platforms, guardrails and barriers, handrails, and way to access and egress from play equipment have different guidelines for the different age groups (toddlers, preschool, and school age). It is important to understand that guardrails are not intended for toddlers as it is easy for them to crawl through.

It is easier for a child to climb up than it is for them to climb down. Make sure provide various methods to access and egress from the play structure so different skill levels will really feel using the equipment.

There are 6 main families of recreation space hazards:

Break and Shear Points: Break and shear points can be caused by parts moving relative to one another, in order to a fixed part, during a normal use cycle, such as with a seesaw. To determine if there is a break or shear point, consider: the chance a child can get a body part inside the point and the closing force around the point.

Entanglement and Impalement: Drawstrings on hoods of jackets, sweatshirts, and other upper body clothing can become entangled in recreation space equipment, and can cause death by strangulation. To avoid this, remove any rules, dog leashes, or similar objects attached to recreation space equipment avoiding equipment with rules that are not secured at both ends. Projections on recreation space equipment should not be able to entangle children’s clothing nor if he or she be large enough to impale.

Entrapment: Head entrapment can occur feet first or head first. Openings can present an entrapment risk to safety if the distance between any interior opposition surfaces is greater than 3. 5 in . and less than 9 in .. Children can become entrapped by in part bound openings, such as those formed by two or more recreation space parts. To reduce entrapment hazards of arrived platforms, infill should be used to reduce the space between arrived platforms.

Sharp Points, Corners and Edges: Any sharp edge or point can cause serious lacerations. To avoid the risk of injury make sure that wood parts are smooth and not splintering, all corners are round and all metal edges are rolled or have round capping.

Halted Hazards: Halted components should be placed away from high traffic areas, brightly colored and should not hook back on themselves.

Tripping: Playgrounds should reduce any tripping hazards such as rapid changes in degree of lift, anchoring devices and containment walls for loose-fill appearance.
All recreation space areas should be checked for excessive wear, degeneration and any potential hazards. For each piece of equipment, the frequency of thorough assessments will depend on what kind and age of the equipment, the amount of use and the local climate. To help ensure your loose-fill appearance level stays sufficient and is not displaced, it ought to be checked frequently and raked back into its proper place if necessary. When inspecting loose-fill appearance materials, pay particular attention to areas under ups and downs and at slide exits, pooled water on mulch appearance and areas of frozen appearance.

Records of the following should always be kept:

Maintenance assessments
Accidents or injuries
Platforms should be generally flat with openings that allow for drainage. A arrived platform must have an access component if the difference between platforms is 12″ for toddlers or 18″ for school-age users. Access to platforms over 6 feet high (except for free standing slides) should provide an intermediate standing surface so that the child can temporarily stop and make a decision to keep going or find another way down.

Guardrails and protective barriers are used to reduce the possibilities of unintended falls from elevated platforms, however; protective barriers provide greater protection for children. Guardrails should be tall enough to protect the tallest child from falling ostentatious and low enough that the smallest child cannot walk under it. Barriers are not needed if it will affect the intended use of the tools, such as climbing equipment.

Guardrails or protective barriers should be provided on the following:

Elevated platforms
Transitional surfaces
There are several considerations when choosing the perfect recreation space for any outdoor area. The above information are the basic safety regulations to help children am and from the recreation space, to name any potential hazards near your play area and what barriers on the unit will interrupt the brand of view of those supervising the kids at play.

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